Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Determination of niclosamide residues in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) fillet tissue by high-performance liquid chromatography
Schreier, T. M., Dawson, V. K., Choi, Y., Spanjers, N. J., and Boogaard, M. A., 2000, Determination of niclosamide residues in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) fillet tissue by high-performance liquid chromatography: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, v. 48, no. 6, p. 2212-2215.
Bayluscide [the ethanolamine salt of niclosamide (NIC)] is a registered piscicide used in combination with 3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-nitrophenol (TFM) to control sea lamprey populations in streams tributary to the Great Lakes. A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed for the determination of NIC residues in muscle fillet tissues of fish exposed to NIC and TFM during sea lamprey control treatments. NIC was extracted from fortified channel catfish and rainbow trout fillet tissue with a series of acetone extractions and cleaned up on C18 solid-phase extraction cartridges. NIC concentrations were determined by HPLC with detection at 360 and 335 nm for rainbow trout and catfish, respectively. Recovery of NIC from rainbow trout (n = 7) fortified at 0.04 µ g/g was 77 ± 6.5% and from channel catfish (n = 7) fortified at 0.02 µ g/g was 113 ± 11%. NIC detection limit was 0.0107 µ g/g for rainbow trout and 0.0063 µ g/g for catfish. Percent recovery of incurred radioactive residues by this method from catfish exposed to [14C]NIC was 89.3 ± 4.1%. Percent recoveries of NIC from fortified storage stability tissue samples for rainbow trout (n = 3) analyzed at 5 and 7.5 month periods were 78 ± 5.1 and 68 ± 2.4%, respectively. Percent recoveries of NIC from fortified storage stability tissue samples for channel catfish (n = 3) analyzed at 5 and 7.5 month periods were 88 ± 13 and 76 ± 21%, respectively.
niclosamide, fillet residues, channel catfish, rainbow trout, HPLC, fish