Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Distribution and elimination of [super(14)C] sarafloxacin hydrochloride from tissues of juvenile channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)
Gingerich, W. H., Meinertz, J. R., Dawson, V. K., Gofus, J. E., Delaney, L. J., and Bunnell, P. R., 1995, Distribution and elimination of [super(14)C] sarafloxacin hydrochloride from tissues of juvenile channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus): Aquaculture, v. 131, no. 1-2, p. 23-36.
The distribution and loss of radioactivity from tissues were determined in 60 juvenile channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) following oral dosing with the candidate fish therapeutant Sarafin registered ([ super(14)C] sarafloxacin hydrochloride) at 10 mg/kg for 5 consecutive days. Twelve groups of 5 fish each were sampled at selected times ranging from 3 to 240 h after the last dose was administered. The concentration and content of sarafloxacin-equivalent activity was determined in liver, gallbladder, kidney, skin, and skinless fillet by sample oxidation and liquid scintillation counting; content of sarafloxacin-equivalent activity was determined in stomach and anterior and posterior intestines. Skinless fillet tissues were also analyzed for sarafloxacin and for potential metabolites by gradient-elution high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with in-line radiometric and fluorescence detection. Loss of radioactivity from the whole body conformed to a bimodal elimination pattern with a rapid initial phase (t sub( one half ) = 11 h) and a slower secondary phase (t sub( one half ) = 222 h). Tissue and contents of the gastrointestinal tract (i.e. stomach and anterior and posterior intestines) were a principal depot of activity during the first four sample times (3, 6, 12, and 24 h); the combined head, skeleton, and fins (i.e. residual carcass) were the principal depot of activity in samples taken after 24 h. Of those tissues sampled 3 h after the last dose relative sarafloxacin concentration was greatest in the liver (4.06 mu g equivalents/g) and least of the residual carcass (1.13 mu g equivalents/g). Intermediate concentrations were found in the kidney 2.04 mu g equivalents/g), skinless fillet (1.71 mu g equivalents/g), and the skin (1.51 mu g equivalents/g). Concentrations of sarafloxacin-equivalent residues in edible skinless fillet were consistently among the lowest of all tissues examined. The highest mean concentration of parent-equivalent material in the fillet tissue was found 12 h after administration of the last dose (2.27 mu g equivalents/g) and declined thereafter. Sarafloxacin constituted between 80 and 90% of the extractable radioactive residues from the fillet homogenates. No other peaks were resolved in any of the fillet tissue samples analyzed by HPLC with in-line radiometric detection.
Keywords: Ictalurus punctatus, juveniles, fish-physiology, radioactive-tracers, metabolites, tissues, disease-control, fish-culture