Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center

A Voluntary Program to Curtail Boat Disturbance to Migrating Waterfowl on the Upper Mississippi River
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A Voluntary Program to Curtail Boat Disturbance to Migrating Waterfowl on the Upper Mississippi River

Monitoring conducted in 1986–88, 1993, 1997, and 2004 indicate that the Voluntary Waterfowl Avoidance Area (VWAA) program has been successful in reducing disturbance to waterfowl and it has been evident that many boaters made an obvious effort to travel out of their way to comply with the VWAA. This program is an example of a management strategy that River managers and biologists may use to enhance the UMR as an important waterfowl staging area.

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voluntary_waterfowl_avoidance_area _fs2005-3127.pdf ; 245 KB



A Voluntary Program to Curtail Boat Disturbance to Migrating Waterfowl on the Upper Mississippi River


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Page Last Modified: April 3, 2018

January 29, 2015